Whiplash is an injury caused by the neck and head being thrown suddenly backward then forward upon impact. The impact forces the neck and head beyond their normal range of movement, causing tissue damage and pain.

Causes of Whiplash:

Rear-end car collisions
Other types of car accidents
A sports injury
Shaken baby syndrome (which is child abuse)

Symptoms of Whiplash

Whiplash is a term used most often to describe the symptoms resulting from a car accident. A victim of whiplash may experience any or all of these symptoms:

Pain in the shoulders
Pain between the shoulder blades
Pain in one or both arms
Vision problems
Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
Poor concentration or memory
Neck pain/stiffness
Tight and/or sore muscles
Tenderness in the muscles
Low back pain
Sleep disturbance
Loss of motion in the neck

There can be damage without symptoms, or there can be delayed symptoms. Your doctor can help to determine the location and extent of the damage and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

whiplash due to a rear end collision can be prevented with positioning of the head close to the headrest